Posted by: adbhutam | January 7, 2018


Core Advaita in Vishnupurana

In the Vishnu Sahasra Nama bhashya, Shankara at the beginning, even before the actual names start, gives several verses that bring out Hari-Hara and Trimurti aikya concept. Amidst these is a verse from the Vishnupuranam:

त्वया यदभयं दत्तं तद्दत्तमखिलं मया  ।

मत्तोऽविभिन्नमात्मानं द्रष्टुमर्हसि शङ्कर  ॥ ५,३३.४७ ॥

योहं स त्वं जगच्चेदं सदेवासुरमानुषम्  ।

मत्तो नान्यदशेषं यत्तत्त्वञ्ज्ञातुमिहार्हसि  ॥ ५,३३.४८ ॥

अविद्यामोहितात्मानः पुरुषा भिन्नदर्शिनः  ।

These verses occur in the context of the Banasura vadha episode narrated in the VP. At the end the Lord Vishnu addresses Lord Shiva with the above words: The boon of fearlessness that you gave to Banasura is given by Me. (Hence) O Shankara, you aught to view me as non-different from you. I, you, this world consisting of devas, asuras, humans, is entirely non-different from me. Know this to be the Truth. However, people deluded by avidya, ignorance, comprehend difference (between You and Me and the entire creation). 

[After these lines cited by Shankara, occur these lines in the VP:

वदन्ति भेदं पश्यन्ति चावयोरन्तरं हर  ॥ ५,३३.४९ ॥

प्रसन्नोऽहं गमिष्यामि त्वं गच्छ वृषभध्वज  ॥ ५,३३.५०

People talk of and also view difference between us, O Hara. I am pleased and shall move on. You, O Vrshabhadhvaja (Shiva), too depart.] 

For the segment मत्तोऽविभिन्नमात्मानं द्रष्टुमर्हसि शङ्कर  ॥ ५,३३.४७ ॥ cited by Shankara, Sridhara Swamin just makes this comment: the word is to be parsed as: matto avibhinnamiti cchedah (not different from me).]

Shankara cites this verse just before the other verses from other sources in the VSN bhashya.  Some of these other verses are:

Two seminal verses from the Bhaviṣyottara purāṇa in the introduction to the VSN:

Maheśvara (Śiva) says:

विष्णोरन्यं तु पश्यन्ति ये मां ब्रह्माणमेव वा ।

कुतर्कमतयो मूढाः पच्यन्ते नरकेष्वधः ॥

[Those fools who, devoid of proper thinking, consider Me and Brahmā as different from Viṣṇu, will be baked in the lowly hells.] This idea is reflected in a famous Tamil saying: ariyum aranum onnu, ariyadavar vaayile mannu.

ये च मूढा दुरात्मानो भिन्नं पश्यन्ति मां हरेः ।

ब्रह्माणं च ततस्तस्माद् ब्रह्महत्यासमं त्वघम् ॥

[Those fools, wicked ones, by seeing Me and Brahmā as different from Hari are committing the heinous sin of brahmahatyā.]

One can recall a similar verse in the Śrīmadbhāgavatam (Dakṣayajña section) as said by Viṣṇu: such jiva-s will not attain liberation.

Clearly, such verses of the scripture are never a favorite of non-advaitins.

Another verse, in the same genre, cited here by Shankara is:

Harivamśa verses, spoken by Maheśvara (Śiva) to Vishnu:

अहं त्वं सर्वग देव त्वमेवाहं जनार्दन ।

आवयोरन्तरं नास्ति शब्दैरर्थैर्जगत्त्रये ॥ (3.88.60)

[O, the all-pervading one, I am Thee, and Thou are me alone. There is no difference between the two of us either by word or meaning in all the three worlds.]

One can appreciate the similarity of expression by Veda Vyasa in the VP verse cited above: वदन्ति भेदं पश्यन्ति चावयोरन्तरं हर  ॥ ५,३३.४९ ॥

Another instance of the VP expressing non-difference is:

श्रीपराशर उवाच

अविकाराय शुद्धाय नित्याय परमात्मने  ।

सदैकरूपरूपाय विष्णवे सर्वजिष्णवे  ॥ १,२.१ ॥

नमो हिरण्यगर्भाय हरये शङ्कराय च  ।

This is a stuti of Brahman, …….Prostrations to Hiranyagarbha, Hari and Shankara.

Sridhara Swamin comments: ब्रह्मादित्रिमूर्तिरूपेण प्रणमति हिरण्यगर्भादिरूपाय  तैः रूपैः सर्गस्थित्यन्तकारिणे वासुदेवाय नमः | [Vasudeva, by his three forms Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, performs the cosmic acts of creation, etc.]  Sridhara swamin, in the Bhagavatam commentary (2.10.4o, 42,43) too, has used a similar expression to say that the trimurtis are only three forms of the same Brahman:

ब्रह्मरूपेण स्रष्टृत्वमुक्त्वा विष्णुरूपेण पालकत्वमाह ।…..रुद्ररूपेण संहर्तृत्वमाह ..। [After having stated the creatorship as Brahmā, the sustainership as vishnu is being stated.]

This is in perfect tune with what Shankara has commented in the VSN bhashya: 

Further in the same stuti in the VP we find:

ज्ञानस्वरूपमत्यन्तनिर्मलं परमार्थतः  ।

तमेवार्थस्वरूपेण भ्रान्तिदर्शनतः स्थितम्  ॥ १,२.६ ॥

In Absolute terms, Brahman is Pure Consciousness, absolutely uncontaminated. This very Absolute Entity is, owing to delusion, bhranti, seen as the experienced, observed, world. 

Sridhara Swamin says here: अर्थस्वरूपेण दृश्यरूपेण द्रष्टृजीवभ्रान्तिज्ञानेन स्थितम्, प्रतीतम् | [to the observer jiva, owing to his erroneous perception, (the Absolute (nirguna) Brahman stated above) is appearing, comprehended by, as the entire world of objects.]

One can once again see the parallel here between the verse of the VP cited at the beginning: अविद्यामोहितात्मानः पुरुषा भिन्नदर्शिनः  । VP 4.33.49 [People see difference owing to delusion due to ignorance.]

It is the Drg-drshya viveka is eminently taught in the VP.

Thus, the VP, Sridhara Swamin has stated at the beginning, is a text that teaches Advaita. He has said: By being exposed to the repeated instances of the non-difference across the jagat jivatma and Paramatma, this Purana is the most ideal place for a seeker of liberation.

The bheda between Hari-Hara, Trimurtis, and the created world, is censured by the VP as caused by avidya, bhranti. It is rather ironical that the Yoga Vasishtha, the Suta samhita and the Kashikhanda of the Skanda purana  are grouped as heretic works, (avaidikatrayaM j~nAnaM vAsiShThaM sUtasamhitA | kAshIkhaNDaM parityAjyaM vaidikasya virodhataH ||) not worthy of even being touched, by the Vaishnavas, while the VP, held as the foremost among the so-called ‘sattva puranas’ (‘Puranaratnam’), is conveying the primary message that is no different from those black-listed works.

Sridhara Swami’s invocation to the Srimadbhagavatam commentary:

माधवोमाधवावीशौ सर्वसिद्धिविधायिनौ। वन्दे परस्परात्मानौ    परस्परनुतिप्रियौ॥

I bow to Mādhava and Umādhava (Shiva) who are both ‘Isha-s’ Supreme
Lords. They are capable of bestowing all accomplishments (to their
devotees). They are both the selves of each other and both love to
engage in the stuti of each other.

Thus the Veda, Veda Vyasa, Shankara, Sureshwara (in the vartika has explicitly said: One Ishwara is spoken of by names such as Hari, Brahma and Pinaki), Anandagiri, Amalananda (who authenticated the Prapanchasara as that of Shankara), down to the present day advaitins – all vedantins denounce the Hari-Hara bheda and Trimurti bheda.  Theological schools outside the purview of Vedanta cannot survive if this Vedic truth is admitted. Hence they stoke animosity among the followers of sanatana dharma by denigrating Shiva.

Om Tat Sat


  1. Are there any debates that Advaita Acharyas won? I have heard of many debates where Dvaitas won. Recently I came to know about a debate that happened between Vidyaranya and Jaya Tirtha where Jaya Tirtha won. and also a debate happened between Appayya Dikshitar and Vijayendra Tirtha where Vijayendra Tirtha won?

  2. Advaitins were not keen on propagating such stories. A story that Dvaitins have propagated: debate between Vidyaranya and Akshobhya Tirtha (Jayatirtha’s Guru) where the former lost, has been refuted with a very detailed documentation by Sri G.R.Patil of Dharwad in 2005 in Kannada.

    • Please write an article regarding these book sir. Many madhwa Blogs directly claim about a pillar inscription has told that vidyaranya lost . It’ll be really good if you give a summary of this book. Thank you

  3. Ok fine. But I have one doubt Subbu ji. It is said Ved Vyas accepted both Advaita and Dvaita as ultimate truths. Even Saraswati Mata is said to have approved Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Ramanuja. Both Adi Shankara and Madhva have met with Ved Vyas and he accepted both their philosophies and requested them to spread the philosophies throughout the world. At the end of the day there can be only 1 truth right. I am totally confused Sir. Why Ved Vyas accepted both of them and asked them to spread across the country?

    • नमश्शिवाय​। 🙏🏼 dear keśva mahodaya।

      Let me tell you a fact mahodaya, people actually think that there’s a conflict on supremacy between शिवकेशव​ among most of the Tamilnadu, karṇāṭaka folks & also among fanatic people, even though this is true in a superficial look, But internally It’s not so!!!

      I emphasize, that madva (the person) & rOmānuja’s have claimed that they are superior to Śiva. In case of comedian madva, he has “self proclaimed” that he is vāyu avatāra which indeed madva isn’t. And based on their rubbish theories, vāyu is jīvottama & comedian madva has claimed that Śiva is inferior to vāyu, thereby he is indirectly stating that Śiva is inferior to him because he hates Śiva. Only when a person has too much of hatred & also when one wants to show that one is capable more, one compares with other. And also when one is incapable in any standards try to proclaim that he is better than the opponent (thus supreme), This is childish & is foolishness!

      Same has happened with rOmānuja’s nuisance, I’m not aware whether this comedian has claimed that he is Ādi Śeṣa avatāra (nityasūri) or not, but his followers has claimed that he is Ādi Śeṣa avatāra, where they consider him to be nityasūri, who is slightly higher than jīva, as rubbish fanatic fools consider that Śiva (saguṇa Śiva) is jīva thereby It’s obvious that, they’re false claiming that rOmānuja is being superior to Śiva.

      So, you need to understand the fact that, this low level comparison exists when people have hatred, It’s because of their unfortune, madva & rOmānuja has developed hatred on Śiva, in the name of viṣṇu bhakti they’ve done all sorts of nuisance in their lives & they’ve projected the same in their works. That is all.

      Śaṅkara has no doubt preached Śivakeśva abhedatvam in his works. Fanatics/bigots will never understand this. Even after showing the beginning part of विष्णुसहस्रनाम भाष्य of शङ्कराचार्य​। Fanatics don’t even try to see the मङ्गल श्लोक​ of श्रीधरस्य भागवत​ भाष्य​।
      व्यास​-शङ्कर​ has never shown भेद​ between शिव​केशव​, they’re शिवकेशव अभेदवादिभिः।

  4. Those accounts are all hagiographical. That which is free from duality alone can be the eternal truth.

  5. ओन्नमश्शिवाय​। 🙏🏼

    The chapter’s name is आत्मतत्त्वोपदेशः in द्वितीयांशः of विष्णुपुराणम्।

    It’s advaita tattvam which has been preached here.

    नान्यस्याद्वैतसंस्कारसंस्कृतं मानसं तथा।
    यथाचार्य्यस्य तेन त्वां मन्ये प्राप्तमहं गुरुम्॥ १६

    एवमुक्त्वा ययौ विद्वान् निदाघं स ऋभुर्गुरुः।
    नदाघोऽप्युपदेशेन तेनाद्वैतपरोऽभवत्॥ १९

    सितनीलादिभेदेन यथैकः दृश्यते नभः।
    भ्रान्तिदृष्टिभिरात्मापि तथैकं सन् पृथक् पृथक्॥ २२ ॥

    एकः समस्तं यदिहास्ति किञ्चित्तदच्युतो नास्ति परं ततोऽन्यत्।
    सोऽहं स च त्वं स च सर्व्वमेतदात्मस्वरूपं त्यज भेदमोहम्॥ २३ ॥विष्णुपुराणम्/द्वितीयांशः/अध्यायः_१६

  6. Wow! The aforementioned verses (सितनीलादिभेदेन) from विष्णुपुराणम् were quoted by शङ्कराचार्यः in his विष्णुसहस्रनामभाष्यम् (I didn’t know this earlier when I was reading those verses from the पुराणम्)सितनीलादिभेदेन

    I’m referring to the last 2 verses which were quoted in my previous comment.

    Great to encounter the same 2 verses which were quoted by madhusūdana sarasvatī as well in his advaita siddhiḥ (अद्वैतसिद्धिः)सितनीलादिभेदेन

    Just check mahodaya


    ओन्नमश्शिवाय​। 🙏🏼

    यत्र यत्र निदाघ​ऋभ्वोः सम्भाषणं प्रवर्तते तत्र तत्र अद्वैतप्रसवनं भवति।

    P.S.: So now I have utilized the search option in the archive dot org & I have seen the results 😄, It was just a random search. This search option is indeed extremely beneficial.

  7. //Thus, the VP, Sridhara Swamin has stated at the beginning, is a text that teaches Advaita. He has said: By being exposed to the repeated instances of the non-difference across the jagat jivatma and Paramatma, this Purana is the most ideal place for a seeker of liberation.//

    Could you give me the source of this quote?

    • Here, on the very first page of the commentary (there is a very long Hindi introduction by the editor before the actual VP commences) one can see the line of Sridhara Swamin: जगज्जीवात्मपरमात्मानामैकात्म्य…..

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